Cities will grow by 2 billion residents between 2000 and 2030
Cities account for 70% of global GDP - and as much as 80% of Green House Gas emissions
The developing world will account for 95% of urban growth
Welcome to the new Urbanization Review website.
The Urbanization Review focuses on a three-step framework: Planning, Connecting, and Financing.
PLAN: Charting a course for cities by setting the terms of urbanization, especially policies for urban land markets.
CONNECT: Making a city’s labor markets accessible, to other cities and to other neighborhoods in the city.
FINANCE: Finding sources for large capital outlays needed to provide infrastructure and services as urbanization picks up speed.
The Urbanization Reviews
plan, connect, and finance cities
The growth of cities is driven largely by the economic prosperity that they help create. But today cities are growing at unprecedented and challenging speeds. The World Bank's Urbanization Reviews offer a framework for city leaders to make tough decisions on development in their cities by providing diagnostic tools to identify policy distortions and analyze investment priorities. What must be done to improve living conditions, especially in slums and hazard-prone areas? To create jobs? To expand the coverage and quality of basic services? The Urbanization Reviews help answer these critical questions.
Presentations delivered at Annual World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty, Washington, DC, March 24 - 27, 2014.
The Framework: Planning, Connecting, and Financing Cities-Now
What City Leaders Need to Know
The Urbanization Review operationalizes the World Bank’s Urban Strategy and provides a policy framework and diagnostic tools for assessing the complexity of the urbanization challenge that countries face during their economic evolution from low to middle incomes.
Full ReportThe World Bank's flagship report on Urbanzation provides a framework for city leaders to think through the complex challenges that they need to resolve in order to prepare for and manage urbanization. (Frontpage Article from WorldBank.org).
OverviewThis 20-page Overview introduces the reader to the World Bank's policy framework for Sustainable Urbanization based on the three pillars of Planning, Connecting, and Financing. (Télécharger édition française | descargar la versión española).
World Development Report 2009Entitled "Reshaping Economic Geography," the WDR 2009 synthesizes lessons from developed and urbanized countries to help rapidly urbanizing ones. (Download Presentation).
A series of prototypes have been piloted under the Urbanization Review, which seek to build a body of knowledge on urbanization challenges and public policy implications in a variety of country settings. Pilots in Colombia, India, Indonesia and Vietnam have already generated considerable traction with counterparts in national planning agencies and line ministries.
Vietnam Urbanization ReviewThis report is dedicated to understanding the key dimensions and aspects of Vietnam’s urbanization process to identifying trends, opportunities, challenges and core policy priorities. (Also see a short presentation and local online news coverage).
Sri Lanka: Connecting People to ProsperityThis report provides new insights into geographic transformations in Sri Lanka and identifies public policy priorities for connecting people in economically lagging areas to places that are prospering.
Indonesia: Rise of Metropolitan RegionsThis report provides a comprehensive assessment of the country’s spatial patterns of urbanization and economic development and identifies key issues, constraints and opportunities for promoting faster and more inclusive growth.
BrazilBrazil’s cities generate about 90% of GDP and are home to 82% of its population. This Urbanization Review helps policy makers manage planning and connecting across the city system and address key urban challenges such as access to services, housing, and connective infrastructure.
ChinaThis Urbanization Review helps policy makers answer key questions concerning the urbanization process that has accompanied China's dramatic economic transformation by diagnosing the health of China’s urban economy and by highlighting how policy challenges vary across the urban portfolio.
ColombiaThis Review examines how Colombia can amplify the gains from urbanization by enhancing coordination, deepening economic connections, and fostering efficiency and innovation in financing. (Available in Spanish.) (Also read the Phase 2 report and publications on Inter-jurisdictional Coordination and Infrastructure Finance).
IndiaThe India Urbanization Review focuses on identifying options for accomodating India's rapid urban expansion, with the goal of nurturing metropolitan economies and connecting per-urban areas.
KoreaTo extract lessons learned, the Korea Urbanization Review examines how, through coordinated planning and connecting policies, Korea successfully managed its journey from incipient to advanced urbanization. (Also see slides on housing policy).
UgandaUganda has started its journey into urbanization and economic development. This report outlines the policy priorities to harness economic and social aims from urbanization.
Building from the experiences and lessons learned of past Urbanization Reviews and guided by the framework developed in the Flagship Report, the World Bank is currently engaging with clients in every region to improve the development outcomes of urbanization by applying the Urbanization Review diagnostics.
TurkeyThe Turkey Urbanization Review will focus on options for further strengthening the global competitiveness and environmental sustainability of Turkey's cities (Turkish version). Also read about the outcomes from the recent workshop held in Ankara.
GeorgiaThis study will document the pace and patterns of the urban and territorial transformation unfolding in Georgia, and examine associated economic, social and spatial implications -- particular options for enhancing rural-urban linkages. (More info coming soon).
Other Urbanization ReviewsAdditional Urbanization Reviews are being planned in Senegal and South Africa (Africa); Tunisia, Morocco, and Lebanon (Middle East and North Africa); Mexico (Latin America); and the Philippines (East Asia).